"Note:- The explanations and examples are taken from : High school English Grammar & Composition by Wren & Martin and other grammar books. "
This is just an attempt to make grammar easy for the kids as well as help them score maximum marks with ease.
A figure of speech is a departure ( a change from the usual form ) from the ordinary form of expression to produce a greater effect. Figures of speech can be classified as:-
(a) Those based on ressemblence (similarity) such as :- Simile, Metaphor, Personification and apostrophe.
(b) Those based on contrast such as Antithesis and Epigram.
(c) those baesd on Association (connection or link) such as Metonymy and Synecdoche.
(d) Those depending on construction (formation of a sentence) such as Climax, Anticlimax.
In simile a comparison is made between two objects of different kinds which however have atleast one point in common.
It is usually introduced by words such as:- like,so & as.
Some commons comparisons which you are aware of are:-
1. as graceful as a peacock
2. as light as a feather
3. as cunning / sly as a fox
4. as black as coal
5. as hard as a diamomd
BUT ALWAYS REMEMBER !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
A comparison of two things of the same kind is not a simile .
Some examples of simile are:-
1.Life is as tedious as a twice-told tale.
2.O my Love's like the melodie.
Metaphor in the next blog.